mental wellness initiative Evidence
Below is an initial sampling of research supporting evidence for mental wellness approaches. From nutrition to yoga and sleep - simple wellness practices have been shown to make an impact on mental health. Be sure to check back soon as this list is continuing to grow as the Mental Wellness Initiative develops.
NUTRITION & THE BRAIN
ARTICLES & REPORTS
- Harvard Medical School: Nutritional psychiatry - Your brain on food: http://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/nutritional-psychiatry-your-brain-on-food-201511168626
- The Connection Between Good Nutrition and Good Cognition: http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/01/the-connection-between-good-nutrition-and-good-cognition/251227/
- The Mental Health Foundation - Feeding Minds: The Impact of Nutrition on Mental Health: https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/sites/default/files/Feeding-Minds.pdf
- The influence of nutrition on mental health: The Links Between Diet and Behaviour. Report of an inquiry held by the Associate Parliamentary Food and Health Forum, UK: http://www.foodforthebrain.org/media/229766/FHF.pdf
- International Society for Nutritional Psychiatry Research: http://www.isnpr.org/
- Plant compounds may boost brain function in older adults:
The same compounds that give plants and vegetables their vibrant colors might be able to bolster brain functioning in older adults, according to a recent study from the University of Georgia. People get these compounds, known as carotenoids, from their diets, and two of them -- lutein and zeaxanthin -- have been shown in previous research to bolster eye and cognitive health in older adults. MRI data showed that individuals between 65 and 86 with higher levels of lutein and zeaxanthin didn't require as much brain activity to complete cognitive tasks. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-11/uog-pcm112116.php
- Lindbergh CA, Mewborn CM, Hammond BR, Renzi-Hammond LM, Curran-Celentano JM, Miller LS. Relationship of Lutein and Zeaxanthin Levels to Neurocognitive Functioning: An fMRI Study of Older Adults. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2016 Oct 25:1-12. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27776568
- Nutrition and Mental Health: https://www.crcpress.com/Nutrition-and-Mental-Health/Leyse-Wallace/p/book/9781439863350
- Nutrition Essentials for Mental Health: A Complete Guide to the Food-Mood Connection: https://www.amazon.com/Nutrition-Essentials-Mental-Health-Connection/dp/0393709949/ref=pd_sbs_14_t_0?_encoding=UTF8&psc=1&refRID=WZZJGNS1QKY1ZR25AMB5
- Brain-Building Nutrition: How Dietary Fats and Oils Affect Mental, Physical, and Emotional Intelligence: https://www.amazon.com/Brain-Building-Nutrition-Physical-Emotional-Intelligence/dp/1583941819/ref=pd_sim_14_1?_encoding=UTF8&pd_rd_i=1583941819&pd_rd_r=ATV78THN9FR52S18TWMT&pd_rd_w=1NqYb&pd_rd_wg=xFOmE&psc=1&refRID=ATV78THN9FR52S18TWMT
THE GUT-BRAIN AXIS
- The Gut-Brain Axis, 1st Edition. Dietary, Probiotic, and Prebiotic Interventions on the Microbiota. N Hyland & C Stanton. http://store.elsevier.com/The-Gut-Brain-Axis/isbn-9780128023044/ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780128023044
- R. Khamsi. Metabolism in Mind: New Insights into the "Gut–Brain Axis" Spur Commercial Efforts to Target It. Nature Medicine 22, 697–700 (2016) doi:10.1038/nm0716-697 https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/metabolism-in-mind-new-insights-into-the-gut-brain-axis-spur-commercial-efforts-to-target-it/
- P. Smith. The tantalizing links between gut microbes and the brain. Nature 526, 312–314 (15 October 2015) doi:10.1038/526312a http://www.nature.com/news/the-tantalizing-links-between-gut-microbes-and-the-brain-1.18557
- J. F. Cryan & S. M. O’Mahony. The microbiome-gut-brain axis: from bowel to behaviour. Neurogastroenterol Motil (2011) 23, 187–192. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2010.01664.x http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2982.2010.01664.x/abstract
- Gut bacteria linked to development of Alzheimer’s disease: Mouse data. Nathan Gray, 13-Feb-2017. http://www.nutraingredients.com/Research/Gut-bacteria-linked-to-development-of-Alzheimer-s-disease-Mouse-data?nocount
- T. Harach, N. Marungruang, N. Duthilleul, V. Cheatham, K. D. Mc Coy, G. Frisoni, J. J. Neher, F. Fåk, M. Jucker, T. Lasser & T. Bolmont. 2017. Reduction of Abeta amyloid pathology in APPPS1 transgenic mice in the absence of gut microbiota. Scientific Reports | 7:41802 | DOI: 10.1038/srep41802
Galland Leo, The Gut Microbiome and the Brain. Journal of Medicinal Food. December 2014, Vol. 17, No. 12: 1261-1272
PATHOGENS AND MENTAL HEALTH
CROHN’S DISEASE (more on microbiota and candida):
GUT BACTERIA & FATIGUE
Food additive alters gut bacteria to cause colorectal cancer:
- http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/313938.php (QUESTION: Can food additives similarly alter bacteria to cause brain disorders?)
- Probiotics reduce Alzheimer’s: http://www.nhs.uk/news/2016/11November/Pages/Probiotics-aid-memory-in-people-with-Alzheimers-disease.aspx (QUESTION: Is this because they reduce inflammation or because they reduce gut bacteria presence in /passage to the brain?)
INFLAMMATION & MENTAL HEALTH:
- B. Steka. Could Depression Be Caused By An Infection? Oct 2015. http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2015/10/25/451169292/could-depression-be-caused-by-an-infection
- The Link Between Brain Inflammation and Mental Health. http://www.integrativepsychiatry.net/brain_inflammation.html
- N Kappelmann, G Lewis, R Dantzer, P B Jones and G M Khandaker. Antidepressant activity of anti-cytokine treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials of chronic inflammatory conditions. Molecular Psychiatry advance online publication 18 October 2016; doi: 10.1038/mp.2016.167
- http://www.nature.com/mp/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/mp2016167a.html http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/313551.php
- (NOTE: Although this is research on the effects of pharmaceutical drugs, i.e. cytokine modulators, it demonstrates that inflammation is linked to brain pathology resulting, in this case, in depression, and that treating the inflammation can reduce depression by reducing inflammation in the brain.)
- Social rank may impact immune system and inflammatory response. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/314371.php
- Can The Moon Actually Affect Your Sleep? HTTP://WWW.MENSFITNESS.COM/LIFE/ENTERTAINMENT/CAN-MOON-ACTUALLY-AFFECT-YOUR-SLEEP?UTM_SOURCE=OUTBRAIN2&UTM_MEDIUM=CPC
- Csilla Zita Turányi, Katalin Zsuzsanna Rónai, Rezső Zoller, Orsolya Véber, Mária Eszter Czira, Ákos Újszászi, Gergely László, András Szentkirályi, Andrea Dunai, Anett Lindner, Julianna Luca Szőcs, Ádám Becze, Andrea Kelemen, Zsófia Lendvai, Miklos Z. Molnar, István Mucsi, Márta Novák. Association between lunar phase and sleep characteristics. Sleep Med. 2014 Nov;15(11):1411-6. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2014.06.020. Epub 2014 Aug 20. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2014.06.020
- Associations between actigraphy-assessed sleep, inflammatory markers, and insulin resistance in the Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) study. Tae Ho Kim, Judith E. Carroll, Suk Kyoon An, Teresa E. Seeman, Kee Namkoong, Eun Lee. Sleep Medicine. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2016.07.023
- C.O. AirhihenbuwaJ.I. Iwelunmor, C.J. Ezepue, N.J. Williams, G. Jean-Louis. I sleep, because we sleep: a synthesis on the role of culture in sleep behavior research. Sleep Medicine. February 2016Volume 18, Pages 67–73DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2015.07.020
- Sleep disorders & mental health: http://www.sleep-journal.com/action/doSearch?searchType=quick&searchText=mental+health&occurrences=all&journalCode=sleep&searchScope=fullSite
- Researchers explore link between sugary drinks and poor sleep.
- Aric A. Prather, Cindy W. Leung, Nancy E. Adler, Lorrene Ritchie, Barbara Laraia, and Elissa S. Epel. Short and sweet: Associations between self-reported sleep duration and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among adults in the United States. Sleep Health. Published online November 9 2016. doi:10.1016/j.sleh.2016.09.007
- Max Hirshkowitz, PhD , Kaitlyn Whiton, MHS, Steven M. Albert, PhD , Cathy Alessi, MD , Oliviero Bruni, MD , Lydia DonCarlos, PhD , Nancy Hazen, PhD , John Herman, PhD , Paula J. Adams Hillard, MD , Eliot S. Katz, MD , Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, MD, MSc , David N. Neubauer, MD , Anne E. O’Donnell, MD , Maurice Ohayon, MD, DSc, PhD , John Peever, PhD , Robert Rawding, PhD , Ramesh C. Sachdeva, MD, PhD, JD , Belinda Setters, MD , Michael V. Vitiello, PhD , J. Catesby Ware, PhD. National Sleep Foundation’s updated sleep duration recommendations: final report. Sleep Health Journal. December 2015, Volume 1, Issue 4, Pages 233–243. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2015.10.004
- Mark S. Rea, PhD. A natural view of artificial light. Sleep Health Journal. June 2015 Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 88–89.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2015.02.001 Sleep deprived workers more likely to be overweight: http://www.humanresourcesonline.net/sleep-deprived-workers-likely-fat/
- Harvard MRI Study Shows Meditation Rebuilds Brain’s Grey Matter in 8 Weeks. http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2011/01/eight-weeks-to-a-better-brain/
- Transcendental meditation may help ease trauma symptoms, stress. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/313331.php
- Sanford Nidich, EdD; Tom O’Connor, PhD; Thomas Rutledge, PhD; Jeff Duncan; Blaze Compton, MA; Angela Seng; Randi Nidich, EdD. Reduced Trauma Symptoms and Perceived Stress in Male Prison Inmates through the Transcendental Meditation Program: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Perm J 2016 Fall;20(4):16-007 https://doi.org/10.7812/TPP/16-007
- Singleton O, Hölzel BK, Vangel M, Brach N, Carmody J, Lazar SW. Change in brainstem gray matter concentration following a mindfulness-based intervention is correlated with improvement in psychological well-being. Frontiers in human neuroscience [Internet]. 2014; 8.
Andrew B. Newberg, Nancy Wintering, David B. Yaden, Li Zhong, Brendan Bowen, Noah Averick, Daniel A. Monti. Effect of a one-week spiritual retreat on dopamine and serotonin transporter binding: a preliminary study. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 2017; ; 443: 114. 1 DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2016.1267035
- The Scientific American Healthy Aging Brain: The Neuroscience of Making the Most of Your Mature Mind.
- N. Rosenthal. Super Mind: How to Boost Performance and Live a Richer and Happier Life Through Transcendental Meditation. https://books.google.com.my/books?id=ycQBDAAAQBAJ&dq=Transcendental+Meditation+research+brain&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjyvYe3krXQAhWEtI8KHdPFBJMQ6AEIIDAB
- Mayo Clinic: Depression and anxiety: Exercise eases symptoms. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/depression/in-depth/depression-and-exercise/art-20046495
- Kirsten Weir. The exercise effect. December 2011. Monitor on Psychology, American Pyschological Association. Vol 42, No. 11. http://www.apa.org/monitor/2011/12/exercise.aspx
- Exercise and Depression: Endorphins, Reducing Stress, and More. WebMD: http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/exercise-depression#1
- Exercise for Mood and Anxiety: Proven Strategies for Overcoming Depression and Enhancing Well-Being. MW Otto & JA Smits. 1st Edition. 2011. Oxford University Press. https://global.oup.com/academic/product/exercise-for-mood-and-anxiety-9780199791002?cc=my&lang=en&
- Exercise for Mood and Anxiety Disorders: The State-of-the Science. Mark B. Powers, Gordon J. G. Asmundson, and Jasper A. J. Smits Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Vol. 44 , Iss. 4,2015
- Exercise and Depression. Harvard Medical School. http://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/exercise-and-depression-report-excerpt The Mental Health Benefits of Exercise. http://www.helpguide.org/articles/exercise-fitness/emotional-benefits-of-exercise.htm
- Yoga for anxiety and depression. Harvard Medical School.
- Yoga Breathing May Help to Reduce Depression.
- Anup Sharma, MD, PhD; Marna S. Barrett, PhD; Andrew J. Cucchiara, PhD; Nalaka S. Gooneratne, MD; and Michael E. Thase, MD. A Breathing-Based Meditation Intervention for Patients With Major Depressive Disorder Following Inadequate Response to Antidepressants: A Randomized Pilot Study. J Clin Psychiatry 2016, 10.4088/JCP.16m10819.
- Chris Streeter, Patricia L.Gerbarg,TheodoreH.Whitfield, Liz Owen,Jennifer Johnston, Marisa M. Silveri, Marysia Gensler, Carol L. Faulkner, Cathy Mann,Mary Wixted,Anne Marie Hernon,Maren B. Nyer, E. Richard P. Brown, and John E. Jensen. 2017. Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder with Iyengar Yoga and Coherent Breathing: A Randomized Controlled Dosing Study. J. Alt. Comp. Med. Volume 23, Number 3, 2017, pp. 201–207. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2016.0140
- People with major depressive disorder with inadequate response to antidepressant treatment showed significant improvement with the introduction of a yoga breathing technique.
- Yoga for depression: the research evidence. Karen Pilkington, Graham Kirkwood, Hagen Rampes, Janet Richardson. http://westminsterresearch.wmin.ac.uk/1610/1/Pilkington_Kirkwood_Rampes_Richardson_2005_final.pdf
- Yoga for anxiety: a systematic review of the research evidence G Kirkwood, H Rampes, V Tuffrey, J Richardson, K Pilkington. Br J Sports Med 2005;39:884–891. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2005.018069
- M. Javnbakht, R. Hejazi Kenari, M. Ghasemi. Effects of yoga on depression and anxiety of women. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 15 (2009) 102–104. http://www.breathingbeing.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Effects-of-yoga-and-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-2009.pdf
- Yoga for depression – latest research.
- Bräuninger, I. (2012). The efficacy of dance movement therapy group on improvement of quality of life: A randomized controlled trial. In: Arts in Psychotherapy, Vol. 39 Issue 5.
- Bräuninger, I. 2014. Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy, Vol. 9, No. 3, 138–153, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17432979.2014.914977
- Brown S, Martinez MJ & Parsons LM. 2006. The neural basis of human dance. Cereb. Cortex. 16: 1157–1167.
- Brown S, Parsons LM. 2008 . The neuroscience of dance. Scientific American, July. 78-83.
- Burzynska AZ, Jiao Y, Knecht AM, Fanning J, Awick EA, Chen T, Gothe N, Voss MW, McAuley E and Kramer AF (2017). White Matter Integrity Declined Over 6-Months, but Dance Intervention Improved Integrity of the Fornix of Older Adults. Front. Aging Neurosci. 9:59. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2017.00059
- Edwards S. 2016. Dancing and the Brain. In: On The Brain, The Harvard Mahoney Neuroscience Institute Newsletter. http://neuro.hms.harvard.edu/harvard-mahoney-neuroscience-institute/brain-newsletter/and-brain-series/dancing-and-brain
- Fasullo, L., Lurquin, J. and Bodeker, G. (2017), ‘Reconnecting to the feminine: Transformative effects of Sensual Movement and Dance’, Dance, Movement & Spiritualities, 3: 1+2, pp. 69–88, doi: 10.1386/dmas.3.1-2.69_1
- Jeong, Y.J., Hong, S.C., Lee, M.S., Park, M.C., Kim, Y.K., Suh, C.M. (2005). Dance movement therapy improves emotional responses and modulates neurohormones in adolescents with mild depression. International Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 115 (12).
- Karpati FJ, Giacosa C, Foster NE, Penhune VB, HydeKL. 2015. Dance and the brain: a review. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1337. 140–146
- Mills LJ, Daniluk JC. 2002. Her body speaks: The experience of dance therapy for women survivors of child sexual abuse. Journal of Counseling and Development : JCD80.1: 77-85.
- Verghese J, Lipton RB, M.D., Katz MJ, Hall CB, Derby CA, Kuslansky G, Ambrose AF, Sliwinski M, Buschke H. Leisure Activities and the Risk of Dementia in the Elderly. N Engl J Med. 348;25, 2508-2516.
- Westheimer O, McRae C, Henchcliffe C, Fesharaki A, Sofya Glazman S, Ene H, Bodis-Wollner I. 2015. Dance for PD: a preliminary investigation of effects on motor function and quality of life among persons with Parkinson’s disease (PD). J Neural
- Nature & Forest Therapy: http://www.natureandforesttherapy.org/the-science.html
- WebMD – “Do You Need a Nature Prescription? Nature therapy may mean that better health is right outside your door”.
- Ecotherapy/Nature Therapy: http://www.goodtherapy.org/learn-about-therapy/types/econature-therapyPsychology Today - The Power of Nature: Ecotherapy and Awakening: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/out-the-darkness/201204/the-power-nature-ecotherapy-and-awakening
- Benefits of Ecotherapy: http://www.mind.org.uk/news-campaigns/news/new-research-shows-benefits-of-ecotherapy-for-mental-health-and-wellbeing/#.WDuuoGR950s
- James L Oschman, Gaétan Chevalier, and Richard Brown. The effects of grounding (earthing) on inflammation, the immune response, wound healing, and prevention and treatment of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. J Inflamm Res. 2015; 8: 83–96. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3265077/#
- Gaétan Chevalier, Stephen T. Sinatra, James L. Oschman, Karol Sokal, and Pawel Sokal. Earthing: Health Implications of Reconnecting the Human Body to the Earth's Surface Electrons. J Environ Public Health. 2012; 2012: 291541.. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3265077/#
- Alvarsson, J. J., Wiens, S., & Nilsson, M. (2010). Stress recovery during exposure to nature sound and environmental noise. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 7(3), 1036-1046.
- Behrens, E., Santa, J., & Gass, M. (2010). The evidence base for private therapeutic schools, residential programs, and wilderness therapy programs. Journal of Therapeutic Schools and Programs, IV(1), 106–117.
- Chalquist, C. (2009). A look at the ecotherapy research evidence. Ecopsychology, 1(2), 64-74.
- Clay, R. A. (2001). Green is good for you. Monitor on Psychology, 32(4). Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/monitor/apr01/greengood.aspx
- Gass, M. A., Gillis, H. L., & Russell, K. C. (2012). Adventure therapy: Theory, practice, & research. NY: Routledge Press.
- Hoag, M. J., Savicki, K., & Burlingame, G. M. (2001). The Efficacy of wilderness therapy: Individual and familial aspects of change. In American Psychological Association Convention. San Francisco, California.
- Lewis, S. (2007). The outdoor division of Aspen Education Group: Examining treatment effectiveness. Retrieved from http://natsap.org/research/research-at-natsap-programs
- Magle-Haberek, N. A., Tucker, A. R., & Gass, M. A. (2012). Effects of program differences with wilderness therapy and residential treatment center (RTC) programs. Residential Treatment For Children & Youth, 29(3), 202–218. doi:10.1080/0886571X.2012.697433
- MIND. (2007). Ecotherapy: The green agenda for mental health. Retrieved from http://www.mind.org.uk/media/273470/ecotherapy.pdf
- NATSAP. (n.d.). NATSAP Research and Evaluation Network. Retrieved July 30, 2013, from http:// natsap.org/research/natsap-research-and-evaluation-network/
- OBHRC. (2010). Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare Research Cooperative. Retrieved July 30, 2013, from http://www.obhrc.org/index
- Outcome Tools. (2012). Outcome Tools. Retrieved March 18, 2013, from https://outcometools.com/ site/
- Russell, K. C. (2003). An assessment of outcomes in outdoor behavioral healthcare treatment. Child and Youth Care Forum, 32(6), 355–381.
- Russell, K. C. (2007). Summary of research in the Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare Research Cooperative from 1999-2006. Minneapolis, MN.
- Russell, Keith, C. (2003). A nation-wide survey of outdoor behavioral healthcare programs for adolescents with problem behaviors. Journal of Experiential Education, 25(3), 322–331.
- Russell, Keith, C. (2005). Two years later: A qualitative assessment of youth well-being and the role of aftercare in outdoor behavioral healthcare treatment. Child and Youth Care Forum, 34(3), 209–239. doi:10.1007/s10566-005-3470-7
- Scott, D. A., & Duerson, L. M. (2009). Continuing the discussion: A commentary on “Wilderness Therapy: Ethical considerations for mental health professionals.” Child & Youth Care Forum, 39(1), 63–68. doi:10.1007/s10566-009-9090-x
- Scull, J. (2009). Tailoring nature therapy to the client. In L. Buzzell & C. Chalquist's (Eds.), Ecotherapy: Healing with nature in mind(pp. 140-148). San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books.
- Tucker, A. R., Zelov, R., & Young, M. (2011). Four years along: Emerging traits of programs in the NATSAP Practice Research Network ( PRN ). Journal of Therapeutic Schools and Programs, 10–28.
- Daniel T. C. Cox, Danielle F. Shanahan, Hannah L. Hudson, Richard A. Fuller, Karen Anderson, Steven Hancock and Kevin J. Gaston. 2017. Doses of Nearby Nature Simultaneously Associated with Multiple Health Benefits. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 14, 172.
- Sunshine Improves Mental Wellbeing, With Dark Months Linked To Emotional Distress, Study Finds: http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/how-sun-light-affects-mental-health_uk_581c4f1ce4b09d57a9a8377f
- Mark E. Beecher, Dennis Eggett, Davey Erekson, Lawrence B. Rees, Jennie Bingham, Jared Klundt, Russell J. Bailey, Clark Ripplinger, Jessica Kirchhoefer. Sunshine on my shoulders: Weather, pollution, and emotional distress. Journal of Affective Disorders, November 15, 2016, Volume 205, Pages 234–238 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2016.07.021
MENTAL WELLNESS - SPA & AYURVEDA MULTI-MODALITY THERAPY
- F. Kwiatkowski, M.A. Mouret-Reynier, M. Duclos, A. Leger-Enreille, F. Bridon, T. Hahn, I. Van Praagh-Doreau, A. Travade, M. Gironde, O. Bézy, J. Lecadet, M.P. Vasson, S. Jouvency, S. Cardinaud, C.F. Roques, Y.-J. Bignon. 2013. Long term improved quality of life by a 2-week group physical and educational intervention shortly after breast cancer chemotherapy completion. Results of the ‘Programme of Accompanying women after breast Cancer treatment completion in Thermal resorts’ (PACThe) randomised clinical trial of 251 patients. European Journal of Cancer, Volume 49, Issue 7, Pages 1530–1538, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2012.12.021
- Mills Paul J., Wilson Kathleen L., Pung Meredith A., Weiss Lizabeth, Patel Sheila, Doraiswamy P. Murali, Peterson Christine Tara, Porter Valencia, Schadt Eric, Chopra Deepak, and Tanzi Rudolph E.. The Self-Directed Biological Transformation Initiative and Well-Being. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. August 2016, 22(8): 627-634. doi:10.1089/acm.2016.0002.
SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF MENTAL WELLNESS
“Mental wellbeing includes the capacity to make health and happiness enhancing relationships with others. People with mental wellbeing know themselves and their needs, have clear boundaries, relate to others using the skills of emotional literacy and accept and manage conflict without manipulation or coercion.
People with mental wellbeing are also generous, wise and compassionate. They make good decisions on behalf of others. It therefore follows that promoting the mental wellbeing of all, particularly of those who are in positions of power, is an important approach to preventing social inequality and unhealthy policy.
Social wellbeing is:
- the basis for social equality, social capital, social trust
- the antidote to racism, stigma, violence and crime.
It depends on:
- the sum of individual mental wellbeing in a group, community or society
- the quality of government – local, organizational, national and international
- the quality of services and provision of support for those in need
- the fair distribution of resources including income
- the norm with regard to interpersonal relationships in a group, community or society, including respect for others and their needs, compassion and empathy, and authentic interaction.
Hierarchically held power in families, communities, workplaces, schools or government is particularly potent in this regard, and respectful, compassionate, authentic government, families and organisations are important in the creation of collective mental wellbeing”. http://www.fph.org.uk/concepts_of_mental_and_social_wellbeing
WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health: Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673608616906
The Social Cure: Identity, Health and Well-Being. A growing body of research shows that social networks and identities have a profound impact on mental and physical health. Social identities, and factors associated with them (such as social support and a sense of community), can bolster individuals' sense of self and contribute to physical and mental health. Social identities constitute a “social cure”, capable of promoting adjustment, coping, and well-being for individuals dealing with a range of illnesses, injuries, trauma, and stressors. Practical strategies, based in an understanding of social identities, can maintain and enhance well-being, particularly among vulnerable populations.
Young People - World Health Organization. Social determinants of health and well-being among young people:
Men's attitude towards fatherhood 'affects child behaviour'. http://www.nhs.uk/news/2016/11November/Pages/Mens-attitude-towards-fatherhood-affects-child-behaviour.aspx
Later Life: Influences of socioeconomic status, social network, and competence on subjective well-being in later life: A meta-analysis. Pinquart, Martin; Sörensen, Silvia. Psychology and Aging, Vol 15(2), Jun 2000, 187-224. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0882-79220.127.116.11
Findings: (1) Income is correlated more strongly with well-being than is education. (2) The quality of social contacts shows stronger associations with subjective well-being (SWB) in the elderly than does the quantity of social contacts. (3) Whereas having contact with friends is more strongly related to SWB than having contact with adult children, there are higher associations between life satisfaction and quality of contact with adult children when compared with quality of friendships.
Five Ways to Wellbeing: The evidence. Aked J, Marks N, Cordon C, and Thompson, S. (2008). London. NEF.
- be active
- take notice
- keep learning
Measuring Social Capital. UK Govt. Office for National Statistics. http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20160105160709/http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/dcp171766_371693.pdf
World Happiness Report.
Happiness provides a better indicator of human welfare than do income, poverty, education, health and good government measured separately. In a parallel way, the inequality of well-being provides a broader measure of inequality. The report finds that people are happier living in societies where there is less inequality of happiness. And happiness inequality has increased significantly (comparing 2012-2015 to 2005-2011) in most countries, in almost all global regions, and for the population of the world as a whole. http://worldhappiness.report/
Innovation and Well-being. There is a substantial body of work that demonstrates that positive emotions in the work place contribute to good functioning and high performance. Furthermore, there are a number of studies specifically demonstrating that positive emotional states result in higher creativity and problem-solving skills, and build resilience and the ability to handle failure – all essential requirements for innovation. https://www.nesta.org.uk/sites/default/files/kcfinder/files/6.2.InnovationandWellbeingMilleretal.pdf
Social rank may impact immune system and inflammatory response. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/314371.php
Leading Well from Within: A Neuroscience and Mindfulness-Based Framework of Conscious Leadership by Daniel Friedland, MD. http://supersmarthealth.com/book
GENERAL: What works wellbeing: https://whatworkswellbeing.org/