Spa culture in Europe from the late 18th century to the early 20th was like nothing the world had ever seen. These “grand spas” attracted the likes of Beethoven, Mozart, Freud and Marx, and artistic performances and creativity were at the very heart of taking the waters.

Watch Professor David Clay Large’s (U.C. Berkeley) fascinating talk on this extraordinary historical era in wellness.

AuthorBeth McGroarty, Director of Research, GWI